Number Sequences

In $\textit{sequences}$, it is important that we can;
  • recognise a pattern in a set of numbers
  • describe the pattern in words
  • continue the pattern.
A $\textit{number sequence}$ is an ordered list of numbers defined by a rule.
  • The sequence starts at $4$ and add $5$ each time.
  • $4, 9, 14, 19, \cdots$
The numbers in the sequence are said to be its $\textit{terms}$.
  • The first term is $4$.
  • The second term is $9$.
A sequence which continues forever is called an $\textit{infinite sequence}$.
  • $4, 9, 14, 19, \cdots$
A sequence which terminates is called a $\textit{finite sequence}$.
  • $4, 9, 14, 19, 24, 29, 34$

Example 1

Write down the first four terms of the sequence if you start with 5 and add 3 each time.

Example 2

Write down the first four terms of the sequence if you start with 99 and subtract 4 each time.

Example 3

Write down the first four terms of the sequence if you start with 4 and multiply 3 each time.

Example 4

Describe the sequence: $3, 7, 11, 14, \cdots$.

Example 5

Describe the sequence: $76, 73, 70, 67, \cdots$.

Example 6

Describe the sequence: $2, 6, 18, 54, \cdots$.

Example 7

Describe the sequence: $1, 4, 9, 16, \cdots$.

Example 8

Find the next two terms of $1, 8, 27, 64$.